Artisanal Mining

Manganese mining in West Timor has grown rapidly over the last five years, overwhelming local capacity for monitoring and regulation. Alarming social, environmental and health issues have been attributed to the largely unregulated mining of manganese in West Timor, including small scale mining by farmers: environmental damage especially with inadequate rehabilitation (e.g. erosion & forest degradation); death (more than 50 farmer/miners died in 2010), injury and health problems for miners, including children; and farmers abandoning food production for short term gains from mining.

Read more:


Project web site.


Monitoring impacts and risk – a case study of manganese mining in West Timor



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